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From A to Z: Understanding Data Science - The Complete Guide

September 1, 2023
A professional touches a virtual screen displaying Data Science which illustrates opting for Data Science training.

“Data isn’t units of information. Data is a story about human behavior- about real people’s wants, needs, goals, and fears.” Daniel Burstein

The above quote is what Data Science is all about. Essentially, data science is about transforming mountains of information into actionable insights and knowledge. The real art of data science lies in using this knowledge for:

  • Making smarter business decisions
  • Unearthing new opportunities
  • Predicting future trends
  • Discover hidden patterns
  • Build predictive models using complex ML algorithms

This area of study involves the use of various algorithms and processes to analyze diversely sourced and differently-formatted data.

Data Science is a vast field that’s expanding rapidly as the value of data grows exponentially. In fact, advanced technologies like Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, and other disciplines are anchored to data science and its outcomes. This field is currently reshaping entire industries and fueling inventive ideas, impacting virtually every business domain, from medicine to manufacturing to education, publishing, and finance.

Data Science & Its Role in The Business World

In today’s business world, data is everything. It has the immense potential to drive every aspect of a business- From conceptualising policies, recruiting employees, drafting strategies, and implementing best practices to regulatory compliance and everything in between. Furthermore, Precedence Research’s report about Data Science reports that the field will grow at a rate of 16.43%. By 2030, the data science market is expected to be valued at a whopping USD 378.7 billion.

With data becoming the end-all-be-all in business, organisations of all sizes recognise the importance of converting raw data into actionable insights. These insights drastically change the way organisations think and decide about their future processes.
The more organisations rely on data, the more it drives the demand for highly skilled and experienced data professionals and data scientists with exceptional knowledge of using analytical tools and techniques for data analysis.

Global giants like Amazon, Microsoft, Apple, and Google are casting their nets far and wide to recruit the best data science professionals for their valuable skills.

What do Data Scientists Do?

Data scientists are analytical professionals with the technical acumen to tackle complex problems and the curiosity to explore which questions require answers. Generally, data scientists are highly proficient in statistics, computer science and mathematics. They also can forecast business trends and patterns by analysing the processed data.

In fact, the term data scientist is derived from the fact that these professionals leverage statistical and mathematical aspects to derive information from scientific applications.

Data scientists are responsible for:

  • Drafting forecasting algorithms and data models
  • Discovering trends and patterns in datasets
  • Deriving insights from patterns and trends
  • Utilise ML techniques to improve data quality
  • Guide teams and organisational management with data-related suggestions
  • Stay at the forefront of data science innovations

Data scientists are also entrusted with the responsibility of looking after the entire data science lifecycle- a highly intricate task that requires adequate proficiency in multiple data science disciplines, tools, and techniques.

Also Read: Microsoft Azure Syllabus

Diving Into Data Science: The Lifecycle, Tools & Methodologies

The Data Lifecycle consists of five crucial and distinctive stages, each serving a varied purpose, ultimately converting data into readable and actionable insights.

Stage 1: Data Capturing

Data scientists collate raw and unstructured data from various sources in this initial stage. Data capturing typically includes the following processes:

  • Data acquisition
  • Data entry
  • Signal reception
  • Data extraction

Stage 2: Data Maintenance

In this stage, raw data is transformed into a usable format to be further broken down and processed. This stage comprises:

  • Data warehousing
  • Data cleansing
  • Data staging
  • Data processing
  • Data Architecture

Stage 3: Data Processing

Data scientists analyse prepared data to identify patterns, ranges, and biases, ultimately assessing its suitability for predictive analysis. Data processing includes:

  • Data mining
  • Data classification
  • Data Modelling
  • Data summarisation

Stage 4: Data Analysis

In this stage, the processed data is subjected to multiple types of analysis and processes like:

  • Data reporting
  • Data visualisation
  • Business Intelligence
  • Decision making

Stage 5: Data Communication

During this crucial stage, analysts conduct in-depth analyses that are transformed into visually appealing and comprehensive forms, including visually engaging charts, informative graphs, and insightful reports.

Tools & Technology

To complete these complex lifecycles and present data in actionable formats, data scientists must be proficient in programming languages like C, C++, R, and SQL. They also rely heavily on a variety of tools to facilitate each stage of the data lifecycle, such as:

  • Rapidminer, Excel, SAS, and Informatica for data analysis
  • RAW, Tableau, Qlikview, and Jupyter for data visualisation
  • Apache Hadoop, Microsoft HD, Informatica/ Talend for data warehousing
  •, Mahout, Datarobot, and Azure ML Studio for data modelling

Data science is omnipresent. There is hardly any business discipline that doesn’t rely on data science and its outcomes. Here’s a list of industries where data science is making its mark.

Top 7 Applications of Data Science

1. Search engines like Google use data science technology to facilitate millions of searches and deliver results within a fraction of seconds.

2. Healthcare companies are leveraging the power of data science to develop advanced medical devices that can identify and treat diseases with remarkable precision.

3. Law enforcement tasks like crime predictions and tax fraud enforcement also rely on data science. Detectives rely on data science to use facial recognition tools to identify suspects and nab elusive wrongdoers.

4. Transportation and logistics rely on data science to enhance traffic patterns and shipping routes and enable efficient food service.

5. The gaming industry owes its success to data science, which has enabled the creation of engaging and exclusive games that have elevated the gaming experience for players all over the world.

6. Recommendation systems require data science to create suggestions on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube. For instance, the friends and video suggestions you see on these platforms are made possible with data science.

7. Banks and financial institutions rely on data science and other algorithms to identify defective transactions and fraudulent financial activities.

How Data Science Benefits Businesses

The benefits of data science are as vast as the field itself. Currently, the technology has made itself indispensable to:

  • Make more accurate and feasible business predictions
  • Deconstruct and interpret complex data into valuable information
  • Enhance decision-making processes
  • Enable the development and creation of innovative products
  • Boost data security for all businesses
  • Enable the development of user-centric products and services

Join Aimore For Data Science Training in Chennai

Data is a valuable asset, as knowledge empowers and can determine the fate of a company, whether it flourishes or falters. As the importance of data science grows rapidly, it is creating excellent career opportunities in world-class companies. NOW is the time to maximise your data science skills and knowledge.

Enrol in Aimore Technologies for Data science training courses and pave the way to establishing a fantastic career in this field.
Is data science your forte? Waste no time. Contact us now for all the details.

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Raja Gunasekaran

Raja Gunasekaran

Raja Gunasekaran is a distinguished Data Science trainer who graduated from Prince Sri Venkateshwara Padmavathy Engineering College. Armed with a Bachelor's degree in Engineering, Raja boasts eight years of extensive experience in the field of Data Science.

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